Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) was considered as one of the great masters of Post-Impressionism (an art movement of the second half of the nineteenth century, in which a break from Impressionism was made, with a shift in the use of color, geometry, and technique). Cézanne is also widely regarded as the forefather of Cubism.
Cézanne, a childhood friend of naturalist writer Émile Zola, initially studied law, and gave up that field in order to pursue art. He was not admitted to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts.
It is here, in the Atelier des Lauves, that Cézanne spent the last four years of his life. It is here that he painted some of his masterpieces, notably “Les Grandes Baigneuses”.
The studio is located near the Mountain Sainte-Victoire, depicted in a number of paintings of regional artists, including Cézanne’s.
Cézanne’s studio was closed for fifteen years following his death. In 1921, Marcel Provence purchased the studio from Cézanne’s son, and lived there until his death in 1951. A year later, the “Cézanne Memorial Committee” was founded by American philanthropists, in an attempt to salvage the artist’s studio. They purchased the studio and donated it to the Université Aix-Marseille in 1954. In 1969, the studio was donated to the City of Aix-en-Provence.